Link Search Menu Expand Document

Project 1 – MazeGame

Due: Tuesday Apr 5 11:00am (before class)

MazeGame Screenshot

  1. Overview
    1. Objectives
  2. Phone requirement
  3. Getting Started
  4. Requirements
  5. The Maze Area
  6. Game Mechanics
    1. Controls
    2. Losing Condition
    3. Winning Condition
    4. Collectibles
    5. Device-dependent Initial State
  7. Deploying to Mobile Devices
    1. Android
    2. iOS
  8. Turn In


In this project, you will build a fun 3D maze game using Unity (a powerful 3D development tool). You can look at this Classic Wooden Labyrinth Game to get the overall picture of the game. In this game, the player tilts the board with the goal of guiding the ball around the maze to its destination while picking up some objectives and avoiding obstacles.

This project aims to help you get familiar with the basics of Unity, which we will be using throughout this course. With Unity, you can write your code once and deploy to various devices such as Windows, MacOS, Android, and iOS devices. We will also utilize the accelerometer on the phone to control the maze.

Help Slides Sample Solution (Windows)


In this project, your goal is to implement a rolling ball maze game with the purposes of:

  • Getting familiar with Unity’s interface
  • Understanding some Unity concepts such as Rigidbody, Prefabs, and Collision
  • Writing and attaching C# scripts to objects
  • Learning how to build a simple user interface in Unity

Phone requirement

You will need a phone for this assignment. If you have an Android phone, this should work on any PCs or Macs; you are good to go. If you have an iPhone, then you need to use a Mac. If you have an iPhone but don’t have a Mac, you have two options.

  1. You can borrow an Android phone from us. Please email John Akers (jakers96@cs) and ask for one of the Android loaner phones for your 457 project.
  2. You can use the Mac machine in CSE2 128. Please email the course staff so we can set up an account for you. You can start working on a Windows machine and transfer the files to the Mac just for building for iPhone. (Note that the Unity version on the lab machines is 2020)

Getting Started

You need to download and install the following software:

  • Unity. You will need to sign-up for the student plan and follow their instructions to activate your Unity.
    • Install Android build support, the SDK, and JDK.
    • If you are on Mac and plan to use your iPhone, also install the iOS build support.
  • You will need an IDE with Unity support for scripting (More). Choose one and follow their instructions.
  • Xcode if you are using MacOS and iOS devices. It may take hours to download and install. Please do this early.

As a prerequisite to this project, we strongly encourage you to complete the Roll-a-Ball tutorial. You don’t need to turn in the Roll-a-Ball, but it will teach you necessary concepts required in this project.


  • The maze area should be oriented as a grid of at least 4x4 (the maze in the screenshot above is 6x6) and should have at least 6 inner walls and at least 3 missing walls on the edges.
  • Implement two input control modes: using arrow keys and accelerometer.
  • At least five collectibles are placed around the maze.
  • Game mechanics:
    • A player wins if the ball reaches the destination wall and loses if the sphere rolls off the maze.
    • The game automatically restarts when the player loses.
    • When the ball collides with a collectible, the collectible disappears and the score is incremented by 1.
    • The game must display the current score, and display some text when a player won (e.g. “You win!”) with a button asking the player to play again.
  • Your game needs to run on both your computer and mobile device.

You can add any additional features you would like, but you must meet the minimum requirements.

The Maze Area

Just like the Roll-a-Ball tutorial, you will first create several objects in the scene. Below is an example of the scene hierarchy for this project. We recommend you follow it since some of the code snippets provided in future sections rely on this hierarchy.

  • Maze (Empty Node)
    • Floor (Plane)
    • Player (Sphere)
    • EndWall (Cube)
    • Walls (Empty Node)
      • Wall 1 (Cube)
      • Wall 2 (Cube)
    • Collectibles (Empty Node)
      • Collectible 1 (Cube)
      • Collectible 2 (Cube)
  • (Main Camera)
  • (Light)
  • (UI Components)

MazeGame Hierarchy

The Hierarchy pane shows all objects in the scene and the parent-child relationships of the objects. In the hierarchy shown above, the Maze is an empty node which acts as the root. The reason we have the root node for our maze board that contains everything else is because we will transform the whole board altogether. Inside the Maze node, we have the Floor (the floor of our maze), Player (the ball that will be rolling around inside the maze), EndWall (the goal of the game), Walls (an empty node containing multiple walls), and Collectibles (an empty node containing multiple collectibles).

It is also advisable to make the walls and collectibles using Prefabs. Recall that a Prefab is a blueprint of an object. You can create multiple instances of a Prefab and they will look exactly the same. One advantage of using Prefabs is that if you want to change something (e.g., the color of the collectibles), all you need to do is edit the Prefab, and the changes will automatically be apply to its instances.

For the collectibles, you will need to set the Tag. This will be used to identify if the colliding object is a collectible. To do this, click one of the collectible in the scene. Inside the Inspector pane on your right, click on the Tag dropdown and select “Add Tag…” where you can name your tag to whatever you like. Select other collectibles in the scene and apply the tag you just created. Similarly, you will need to add a different tag for the EndWall to be able to recognize a player winning the game.

We advise you to follow the file management good practice. Inside the Assets folder, you will create several folders and store files based on their types: Materials, Prefabs, Scenes, and Scripts.

Game Mechanics

Now that you have created the Player (sphere) object and the maze, it is time to think about how the Player should move and behave. The Player needs to be able to roll around on the game area, bump into walls, stay on the ground, not fly off into space, and collide with collectibles to pick them up. These things require physics. To use physics, your sphere needs a Rigidbody component. Refer to the section Moving The Player in the Roll-a-ball tutorial on how to add that component.

To define these behaviors, you will need to write a script. Create a new folder in your Assets folder called Scripts. Right click anywhere in Scripts folder and select Create → C# Script. Name the new scripts TiltControl. Select the Player → Add Component → TiltControl. This will attach the created script to the Player object. (Alternatively, click the Player → Add Component → New Script → TiltControl → Create and Add. This will create a script named TiltControl in your Assets folder. Drag it to the script folders.) Double click the script you just created. This should open up your default editor.

If you are using Visual Studio as the editor and code completion does not show up properly, go to Edit → Preferences → External Tools. Make sure Visual Studio is selected under External Script Editor.

Below is the starting template for our script (feel free to copy and paste).

// TiltControl.cs
using UnityEngine;

public class TiltControl : MonoBehaviour {
    public GameObject maze;     // Maze component

    private Rigidbody playerRb; // Player rigid body

    // Start is called before the first frame update
    private void Start() {
        playerRb = GetComponent<Rigidbody>();

    // FixedUpdate is called at a fixed interval. This is useful for physics
    // simulation and also for the Rigidbody update.
    private void FixedUpdate() {

    // Resets the state. This is called manually.
    public void Reset() {

The script contains the class TiltControl which extends MonoBehaviour. In Unity scripting, each object has a type GameObject, which consists of several attributes and components (Transform, Material, Rigidbody, custom scripts, etc.). Since we attach the script to the Player, playerRb = GetComponent<Rigidbody>(); retrieves the Rigidbody component of the Player.

The following are some default functions that are worth knowing:

  • Start is called before the first frame update.
  • Update is called once per frame.
  • FixedUpdate is called at a fixed interval.
  • OnCollisionEnter is called when the object collide with another object.

The Reset function is added for convenience in resetting the game state.

Now go back to Unity, you should see TiltControl as a component of the Player inside the Inspector pane. Notice that any public attribute you declare inside the script will appear in the Inspector pane. For Maze property, select the Maze object from the dropdown menu, or drag it from the Hierarchy pane.

Tilt control options


The maze should be controllable from both PCs and mobile devices.

  • If playing on a mobile device, the maze area is fixed to the phone’s screen, and the sphere moves by adding forces from the phone’s accelerometer. We can get these values from Input.acceleration.x and Input.acceleration.y.
  • If playing on a PC, the user should be able to rotate the maze using the keyboard (arrow keys or WASD) as input . The sphere can then roll around since it has a RigidBody component attached to it. By default, you can retrieve the keyboard input using Input.GetAxis("Horizontal") and Input.GetAxis("Vertical").

Here is the updated script (feel free to change implementation details as you would like).

// TiltControl.cs
    public float sensitivity = 9.8;

    private Vector3 rotation;         // current Euler angle of the maze

    private void FixedUpdate()
        if (SystemInfo.deviceType == DeviceType.Handheld)
            // For mobile devices, we add the force to the player based on 
            // the acceleration from the accelerometer
                new Vector3(Input.acceleration.x, 0, Input.acceleration.y) 
                    * sensitivity);
            Vector3 movement = new Vector3(
                Input.GetAxis("Vertical"), 0f, -Input.GetAxis("Horizontal"));
            rotation += movement;
            maze.transform.rotation = Quaternion.Euler(rotation);

    public void Reset() {
        rotation =;

Losing Condition

We can determine when the Player sphere rolls off the maze by checking the sphere’s position periodically. We can achieve this by adding a condition to the FixedUpdate() function. Once the Player sphere is 5 meters below the ground, the player loses the game and we need to reset the game to its original state. Inside the Reset() function, we will revert the Maze to its original rotation at (0, 0, 0) and revert the Player to its original position. We also reset the its velocity to 0.

// TiltControl.cs
    private void FixedUpdate() {
        if (playerRb.position.y <= 5)

    public void Reset() {
        rotation =;
        maze.transform.rotation = Quaternion.Euler(rotation);
        playerRb.transform.position = new Vector3(-0.5f, 0.5f, 2.5f);
        playerRb.velocity =;
        playerRb.angularVelocity =;

Winning Condition

You win when the Player sphere reaches the destination (EndWall). When a player wins, the text “You win” and a button “Play again” will appear to ask the player to play again.

To create text displays, we refer you to the Displaying Score and Text section of the Roll-a-ball tutorial.

To create a button, select GameObject → UI → Button - TextMeshPro. Name it PlayAgainButton. You will need to bind the click event to the Reset function we implemented. To do that, select the PlayAgainButton and navigate to the On Click () section inside the Inspector pane. Click the plus icon, select the Player object, then choose TiltControl → Reset. Only the public functions are visible to the buttons. You can change the button label by selecting the Text(TMP) object.

Button callback

We will use the OnCollisionEnter function to check for collision to the EndWall. If it does, we show the text and the button. We will need to add the handle for the text and the button in our class. Again, you will have to drag the corresponding components to the fields in the Inspector pane.

// TiltControl.cs
    public GameObject winTextObject;  // text displayed when a player wins
    public GameObject againButton;        // button to play again

    private bool won;

    private void OnTriggerEnter(Collider other) {
        if (other.gameObject.CompareTag("EndWall")) {
            won = true;

    public void Reset() {
        won = false;


When the Player collides with a collectible, the collectible disappears and the player’s score is incremented by one. There should also be a text displaying the current score. Again, we will be using the OnTriggerEnter to detect collision. We will need a handle for all the collectibles in the scene to reset their visibility and a handle for the score text to update the score display.

using TMPro;
    public TextMeshProUGUI scoreText;

    private int score;
    private GameObject[] collectibles;

    private void Start() {
        collectibles = GameObject.FindGameObjectsWithTag("Collectible");

    private void OnTriggerEnter(Collider other) {
        else if (other.gameObject.CompareTag("Collectible")) {
            score += 1;
            scoreText.text = "Score: " + score.ToString();

    public void Reset() {
        foreach (GameObject collectible in collectibles) {
        score = 0;
        scoreText.text = "Score: " + score.ToString();

Device-dependent Initial State

When playing on mobile devices, you should see the maze board lay flat on the phone screen. However, on PCs, you will have a fixed camera and the board rotates. To do that, you will need to set different initial position and rotation of the camera depending on the device you are using. Below is just an example, you will need to experiment the camera position that works in your case.

    public GameObject cam;   // main camera

    private void Start() {
        if (SystemInfo.deviceType == DeviceType.Handheld)
                new Vector3(0, 7, 0), Quaternion.Euler(90, 0, 0));
            playerRb.useGravity = false;
                new Vector3(0, 6.5f, -4), Quaternion.Euler(60, 0, 0));

Deploying to Mobile Devices

Now you need to set the orientation of your mobile app. Select File → Build Setting → Player Settings → Player → iOS/Android → Resolution and Presentation → Orientation → Landscape left. Then close the window.

Connect your phone to your desktop. Select File → Build Setting → iOS/Android and choose Switch Platform.


Plugin your device, set it to charging mode, make sure the USB debugging is on. Then in Unity, choose Build And Run. A window will appear to prompt you to save a .apk file. After it finishes building, the app will run on your device.


Choose Build and select a an empty folder as your destination. Locate the built folder → Unity-iPhone.xcodeProj and open the file in XCode.

First, you need to add your Apple ID in XCode in Xcode → Preferences from the main menu. Then, connect your phone.

In Unity-iPhone → General → Identity → Bundle Identifier, make sure you use a unique name for the Bundle identifier; for example, a string like com.DefaultCompany.MazeGame-yourUWNetID should be fine.

iOS Build 1

Then, go to Signing & Capabilities, check the automatically managing signing, and select your account as Team.

iOS Build 2

Make sure that you use the correct Destination, and clicking the Run button should successfully build the maze game to your iPhone.

iOS Build 3

If you got an Untrusted Developer warning on your iPhone, you can enable it in Settings → General → VPN & Device Management → Select the profile to trust.

Turn In

You will need to record a short video (less than 2 minutes) of you playing the maze game on your phone. In the video, you should clearly demonstrate all the required functionalities. Here are general guidelines:

  • Move the ball to the destination with and without collecting the collectibles (score display should update correspondingly)
  • Move the ball outside the maze. The game should reset itself.
  • The play again button should work.

Submit your video as a .mp4 file on Canvas by the due date.