CSE590F 2021 Spring: Computing and the Developing World Seminar

The seminar meets this quarter Tuesdays, 1:30-2:30 on UW Zoom.

Schedule

WeekDateDiscussion Leaders Topic
1March 30 Matt J. & Naveena Planning and organization
2April 6 Miranda & Pat
Co-evolution of technology and rural society: The blossoming of taobao villages in the information era, China

Jing Zhou, Li Yu, Charles L. Choguill, Co-evolution of technology and rural society: The blossoming of taobao villages in the information era, China, Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 83, 2021, Pages 81-87, ISSN 0743-0167, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2021.02.022. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016721000826) Abstract: Over the last decade, more than 3000 villages (known as Taobao villages) in China have achieved significant economic growth due to e-commerce. The changes in these villages represents a new development path that is distinct from that of the traditional Chinese villages. This paper examines this growth experience, arguing that the ‘blossoming’ of the Taobao villages is essentially the result of the interaction and co-evolution of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and China's rural society. This study will be based on case studies of three Taobao villages. As ICT and e-commerce are embedded in rural society, the potential of existing organizations and skills in the countryside can be fully explored through synergy. This research finds that with the accessibility of China's huge online market for rural products, the traditional weak rural economic organizations in Taobao villages are gradually evolving into strong economic organizations, which have greatly enhanced their capacity to adapt to the flexible demands of the online economy. It is found in the research that the co-evolution of ICT and rural society are still in the development stage, which can have broad and profound impacts on the future transformation of rural China. Keywords: China; ICT and e-commerce; Economic organization; Rural society; Taobao villageshttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2021.02.022

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3April 13 Jason
Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment

Agarwal S, Abuya T, Kintu R, Mwanga D, Obadha M, Pandya S, Warren CE. Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment. J Glob Health 2021;11:07005.

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4April 20 Matt Z.
Can mobile phones build social trust? Insights from rural Kenya

Martin C. Parlasca, Daniel Hermann, Oliver Mußhoff, Can mobile phones build social trust? Insights from rural Kenya, Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 79, 2020, Pages 345-360, ISSN 0743-0167, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2020.08.015. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016720300401)

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5April 27 Emmanuel
Edge Computing Perspectives: Architectures, Technologies, and Open Security Issues

Edge Computing Perspectives: Architectures, Technologies, and Open Security Issues, Maurantonio Caprolu; Roberto Di Pietro; Flavio Lombardi; Simone Raponi Published in: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Edge Computing (EDGE) Date of Conference: 8-13 July 2019 Date Added to IEEE Xplore: 26 August 2019 ISBN Information: INSPEC Accession Number: 18939618 DOI: 10.1109/EDGE.2019.00035

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6May 4 Matt J.
The digital lottery: The impact of next generation broadband on rural small and micro businesses in the North East of Scotland

Megan Palmer-Abbs, Caitlin Cottrill, John Farrington, The digital lottery: The impact of next generation broadband on rural small and micro businesses in the North East of Scotland, Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 81, 2021, Pages 99-115, ISSN 0743-0167, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2020.08.049. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016719308113) Abstract: Reporting on a study in the North East of Scotland, this paper presents the impact on rural micro businesses of public policy-led next generation broadband (NGB) upgrades to broadband infrastructure. Two major strands of research are presented, digital connectivity and micro business development. Examining digital connectivity, we conclude that digital divides can now feature five levels of inequity, which cannot be portrayed by existing spatial urban/rural classifications. Policy-led broadband programmes do not address local broadband disparities, fall short of addressing digital inequity issues, and often the most in need remain underserved by their broadband service. Examining micro businesses, this paper concludes that such businesses, regardless of their information and communications technology (ICT) skills and methods of exploitation, exhibit the same level of broadband need as their urban counterparts. Further, the rapid and exponential development of ICTs requiring at least an NGB connection is surpassing the ability of businesses to access a ‘fit-for-purpose’ broadband connection. It is evident that some rural settlements are becoming ‘digital deserts’. However, contrary to being solely linked to one's proximity to population centres, this research demonstrates that lack of access to NGB can occur anywhere over 1.5 km from an NGB fibre connection and is determined by proximity to the digital engineering infrastructure connectivity nodes, rather than proximity to urban centres. These digitally isolated spots may or may not be situated in densely populated urban areas. This finding suggests a need to rethink how we frame our perceptions of digital inequity at the territorial level as access to, and experience of, digital connectivity is restructured and organised as a result of NGB upgrade locations and the impact of technologies associated with the digital revolution. We recommend that in order to address these emerging digital disparities, interventions should adopt a co-production, multi stakeholder approach involving actors from community, policy and private sectors in order to realise place-based digital solutions.

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7May 11 Waylon
Sustainable Computing on the Edge: A System Dynamics Perspective

Brian Ramprasad, Alexandre da Silva Veith, Moshe Gabel, and Eyal de Lara.2021. Sustainable Computing on the Edge: A System Dynamics Perspective. In The 22nd International Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications (HotMobile 2021), February 24–26, 2021, Virtual, United Kingdom. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 7 pages. https://doi.org/10.1145/3446382.3448607

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8May 18 Matt Z. + Sudheesh
TBD

TBD

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9May 25 Sudheesh
A community-driven approach to democratize access to satellite ground stations. MobiCom'21

A community-driven approach to democratize access to satellite ground stations. MobiCom'21

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10June 1 Matt J. + Pat
TBD

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