CSE 190M Web Programming

Lecture 10: Regular Expressions, Tables

Reading: 2.2.2

Except where otherwise noted, the contents of this document are Copyright 2012 Marty Stepp, Jessica Miller, Victoria Kirst and Roy McElmurry IV. All rights reserved. Any redistribution, reproduction, transmission, or storage of part or all of the contents in any form is prohibited without the author's expressed written permission.

Valid HTML5 Valid CSS

What is form validation?

A real form that uses validation


Client vs. server-side validation

Validation can be performed:

An example form to be validated

<form action="http://foo.com/foo.php" method="get">
		City:  <input name="city" /> <br />
		State: <input name="state" size="2" maxlength="2" /> <br />
		ZIP:   <input name="zip" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <br />
		<input type="submit" />

Basic server-side validation code

$city  = $_POST["city"];
$state = $_POST["state"];
$zip   = $_POST["zip"];
if (!$city || strlen($state) != 2 || strlen($zip) != 5) {
	print "Error, invalid city/state/zip submitted.";

One problem: Users submitting HTML content

The htmlspecialchars function

htmlspecialchars returns an HTML-escaped version of a string
$text = "<p>hi 2 u & me</p>";
$text = htmlspecialchars($text);   # "&lt;p&gt;hi 2 u &amp; me&lt;/p&gt;"

Exercise: Turnin HTML

  • Update our save-homework.php page so that it can display HTML code back to the user

Regular expressions


Basic regular expressions


Wildcards: .

Special characters: |, (), \

Quantifiers: *, +, ?

More quantifiers: {min,max}

Anchors: ^ and $

Character sets: []

Character ranges: [start-end]

Escape sequences

Regular expressions in PHP (PDF)

function description
preg_match(regex, string) returns TRUE if string matches regex
preg_replace(regex, replacement, string) returns a new string with all substrings that match regex replaced by replacement
preg_split(regex, string) returns an array of strings from given string broken apart using given regex as delimiter (like explode but more powerful)

PHP form validation w/ regexes

$state = $_POST["state"];
if (!preg_match("/^[A-Z]{2}$/", $state)) {
	print "Error, invalid state submitted.";

Regular expression PHP example

# replace vowels with stars
$str = "the quick    brown        fox";

$str = preg_replace("/[aeiou]/", "*", $str);
                         # "th* q**ck    br*wn        f*x"

# break apart into words
$words = preg_split("/[ ]+/", $str);
                         # ("th*", "q**ck", "br*wn", "f*x")

# capitalize words that had 2+ consecutive vowels
for ($i = 0; $i < count($words); $i++) {
	if (preg_match("/\\*{2,}/", $words[$i])) {
		$words[$i] = strtoupper($words[$i]);
}                        # ("th*", "Q**CK", "br*wn", "f*x")

Exercise: Turnin Validation

  • Use regular expressions to verify that the needed parameters in our save-homework.php file have proper values.

HTML tables: <table>, <tr>, <td>

A 2D table of rows and columns of data (block element)

	<tr><td>1,1</td><td>1,2 okay</td></tr>
	<tr><td>2,1 real wide</td><td>2,2</td></tr>
1,11,2 okay
2,1 real wide2,2

Table headers, captions: <th>, <caption>

	<caption>My important data</caption>
	<tr><th>Column 1</th><th>Column 2</th></tr>
	<tr><td>1,1</td><td>1,2 okay</td></tr>
	<tr><td>2,1 real wide</td><td>2,2</td></tr>
My important data
Column 1Column 2
1,11,2 okay
2,1 real wide2,2

Exercise: Score Table

  • Use a table to display homework scores in our scores.php file.
  • Give the table column headers and a caption.

Styling tables

table { border: 2px solid black; caption-side: bottom; }
tr { font-style: italic; }
td { background-color: yellow; text-align: center; width: 30%; }
My important data
Column 1Column 2
1,11,2 okay
2,1 real wide2,2

The border-collapse property

table, td, th { border: 2px solid black; }
table { border-collapse: collapse; }
Without border-collapse
Column 1Column 2
With border-collapse
Column 1Column 2

The rowspan and colspan attributes

	<tr><th>Column 1</th><th>Column 2</th><th>Column 3</th></tr>
	<tr><td colspan="2">1,1-1,2</td>
		<td rowspan="3">1,3-3,3</td></tr>

Column styles: <col>, <colgroup>

	<col class="urgent" />
	<colgroup class="highlight" span="2"></colgroup>

	<tr><th>Column 1</th><th>Column 2</th><th>Column 3</th></tr>

Exercise: Score Table Styles

  • Add a collapsed table border style.
  • Zebra stripe the rows.
  • Make the first column a different color.

Don't use tables for layout!