University of Washington CSE 154

Section 7: JavaScript

Except where otherwise noted, the contents of this document are Copyright © Marty Stepp, Jessica Miller, and Victoria Kirst. All rights reserved. Any redistribution, reproduction, transmission, or storage of part or all of the contents in any form is prohibited without the author's expressed written permission.

Valid HTML5 Valid CSS


The following links may help you in the debugging process:

Exercise : Buggy Javascript

The following pages have mistakes that cause their JavaScript code not to work properly. Look at the pages, find the bug(s), and correct the problems.

  1. buggy page #1 (JavaScript)
  2. buggy page #2 (JavaScript)
  3. buggy page #3 (JavaScript)
  4. buggy page #4 (JavaScript)

Exercise Solution

Exercise Solution

Exercise : Font Manipulation (by Rishi Goutam)

Using the browser's Javascript console, modify font.html by changing the following in the paragraph #text:

  1. the text of the paragraph to something of your choice
  2. the font, font size, and color of the text

Once you have achieved these modifications, add your code to the page so that clicking the "Prettify" button will apply them.

Exercise Solution

	<button id="prettify" onclick="prettify();">Prettify</button>
function prettify() {
   var text = document.getElementById("text");
   text.innerHTML = "Look! It's pretty!";
   // font styles added by JS: = "13pt"; = "Comic Sans MS"; = "red";

Exercise : Is It Caturday? (by Morgan Doocy)

Given the following skeleton HTML file, write the necessary JavaScript code to decide whether it is "Caturday" (Saturday) when the "Is it Caturday?" button is clicked.

You should inject "YES" or "NO" into the #answer paragraph depending on whether the current day of the week is Caturday. You should also change the class of the body tag to .yes or .no accordingly.

You will find the Javascript Date class very helpful.

Here's a working solution for you to try out. (Don't peek at the code!)

Exercise Solution

	<button id="button" onclick="caturday();">Is it Caturday?</button>
function caturday() {
	var today = new Date();
	// var today = new Date("April 23, 2011 01:23:45");
	var text = "NO";
	if (today.getDay() == 6) {
		text = "YES";
	document.getElementById("answer").innerHTML = text;
	document.body.className = text.toLowerCase();

Exercise : Weight Conversion

Create the file conversions.js referenced by conversions.html. Write a function convert() in conversions.js that takes the value in the text input and converts it from the unit selected in the left dropdown box to the unit selected on the right.

The result should be displayed in the empty span with the id of #answer.

The conversion factor from pounds to kilograms is 0.45359237, and the conversion factor from kilograms to pounds is 2.20462262.

You should edit the HTML file conversions.html to add ids to the elements as necessary and you may assume valid input.

Exercise Solution

Solution conversions.html, and conversions.js:

function convert() {
   var input = document.getElementById("input");
   value = parseInt(input.value);
   var from = document.getElementById("from");
   var to = document.getElementById("to");
   if (from.value == "kg" && to.value == "lb") {
      value *= 2.20462262;
   } else if (from.value == "lb" && to.value == "kg") {
      value *= 0.45359237;
   var answer = document.getElementById("answer");
   answer.innerHTML = value;

Exercise : Order-It

Write a page that lets us perform various manipulations on the text in a text area. Here is the page (click the image to run our sample solution, written by TAs Sylvia Tashev and Stefanie Hatcher):

Exercise : Order-It

The HTML and CSS are already written, but we must add JavaScript code to make the UI respond when the user clicks the buttons. Start from the skeleton orderit.html.

Add the following behavior to the buttons:

Exercise : Order-It

More Behavior to add:

Exercise : Order-It Hints

If you finish all of that behavior, consider adding a button to change the capitalization of lines, such as capitalizing/lowercasing entire lines or converting lines to AlTeRnAtInG cAsE.

Exercise Solution

Solution files: